GCWR and Payload
Let’s get some terms out of the way. In truck commercials, you’ll often hear the phrase “payload,” and it’s a pretty simple concept. That’s just the cumulative weight that a truck can handle in its cabin and bed. If the max payload is 2,000 lbs, don’t put four 200lb adults in the cabin and 1,500lbs of stuff in the bed: You’ll have exceeded the max payload.
Gross Combined Weight Rating, or GCWR, is another important term to consider. It refers to the maximum amount that the vehicle’s drivetrain and frame can handle. For a truck, that’s the weight of itself combined with the payload and anything you may be towing, both the trailer and the cargo.